Who is helped by a speech and language therapist??

Both adults and children can have communication difficulties with

Ø  Understanding and processing of what others are saying

Ø  Listening and attention

Ø  Putting words together in sentences, in line with developmental milestones

Ø  Articulation/Phonology –  i.e.: the production of individual sounds and the processes used to make them

Ø  Phonological Awareness –i.e.: the early reading skills of rhyming, segmenting, blending etc which are developmental (but can be part of a diagnosis of dyslexia)

Ø  Social Skills – i.e. pragmatic difficulties, such as eye contact, turn taking, listening,

Ø  Stammering/Stuttering


Some of these difficulties can be caused by medical and developmental conditions such as:

Ø  Brain Injury – stroke, head injury, Cerebral Palsy

Ø  Autistic spectrum disorders

Ø  Cleft lip and Palate

Ø  Developmental Learning Difficulties

Ø  Developmental delays/disorder

Ø  Syndromes, such as Down’s Syndrome, Angelman’s Syndrome etc

Ø  Intermittent or profound hearing loss   e.g. Otitis media (glue ear)

Ø  Progressive Neurological disorders – e.g. Parkinson’s Disease, Motor Neurone Disease, Multiple Sclerosis

Ø  Oral and Verbal dyspraxia –  motor co-ordination of the mouth, tongue, lips and palate

Ø  Voice disorders including vocal nodules, vocal abuse, thyroidectomy


Speech and Language therapists also work closely with babies, children and adults who are experiencing swallowing and feeding difficulties. 




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